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Instant Backup

This guide will show you how to take an instant backup in Stash.

Before You Begin

  • At first, you need to have a Kubernetes cluster, and the kubectl command-line tool must be configured to communicate with your cluster. If you do not already have a cluster, you can create one by using kind.

  • Install Stash in your cluster following the steps here.

  • You should be familiar with the following Stash concepts:

To keep everything isolated, we are going to use a separate namespace called demo throughout this tutorial.

$ kubectl create ns demo
namespace/demo created

Note: YAML files used in this tutorial are stored in docs/examples/guides/use-cases/instant-backup directory of stashed/docs repository.

Configure Backup

Here, we are going to configure backup for a Deployment. At first, we are going to deploy a Deployment with a PVC and generate some sample data in it. Then, we are going to configure backup for the Deployment using Stash.

Deploy Deployment:

Below is the YAML of the Deployment and PVC that we are going to create,

kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
apiVersion: v1
  name: source-data
  namespace: demo
    - ReadWriteOnce
  storageClassName: standard
      storage: 2Gi
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
    app: stash-demo
  name: stash-demo
  namespace: demo
  replicas: 1
      app: stash-demo
        app: stash-demo
      name: busybox
      - args: ["echo sample_data > /source/data/data.txt && sleep 3000"]
        command: ["/bin/sh", "-c"]
        image: busybox
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        name: busybox
        - mountPath: /source/data
          name: source-data
      restartPolicy: Always
      - name: source-data
          claimName: source-data

The above Deployment will automatically create a data.txt file in /source/data directory and write some sample data in it.

Let’s create the Deployment and PVC we have shown above.

$ kubectl apply -f
persistentvolumeclaim/source-data created
deployment.apps/stash-demo created

Now, wait for the pod of the Deployment to go into Running state.

$ kubectl get pod -n demo
NAME                          READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
stash-demo-859d96f6bd-fxr7l   1/1     Running   0          81s

Verify that the sample data has been created in /source/data directory using the following command,

$ kubectl exec -n demo stash-demo-859d96f6bd-fxr7l -- cat /source/data/data.txt

Create Secret and Repository:

We are going to store our backed up data into a GCS bucket. We have to create a Secret and a Repository object with access credentials and backend information respectively.

For GCS backend, if the bucket does not exist, Stash needs Storage Object Admin role permissions to create the bucket. For more details, please check the following guide.

Let’s create a secret called gcs-secret with access credentials of our desired GCS backend,

$ echo -n 'changeit' > RESTIC_PASSWORD
$ echo -n '<your-project-id>' > GOOGLE_PROJECT_ID
$ cat /path/to/downloaded-sa-key.json > GOOGLE_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_JSON_KEY
$ kubectl create secret generic -n demo gcs-secret \
    --from-file=./RESTIC_PASSWORD \
    --from-file=./GOOGLE_PROJECT_ID \
secret/gcs-secret created

Now, create a Repository using this secret. Below is the YAML of Repository crd we are going to create,

kind: Repository
  name: gcs-repo
  namespace: demo
      bucket: appscode-qa
      prefix: /stash/instant/deployment
    storageSecretName: gcs-secret

Let’s create the Repository object that we have shown above,

$ kubectl apply -f created

Now, we are ready to backup our sample data into this backend.

Create BackupConfiguration:

We have to create a BackupConfiguration crd targeting the stash-demo Deployment that we have deployed earlier. Then, Stash will inject a sidecar container into the target. It will also create a CronJob to take periodic backup of /source/data directory of the target.

Below is the YAML of the BackupConfiguration object that we are going to create and specify that this BackupConfiguration will take backup in every 40 minutes.

kind: BackupConfiguration
  name: deployment-backup
  namespace: demo
    name: gcs-repo
  schedule: "*/40 * * * *"
      apiVersion: apps/v1
      kind: Deployment
      name: stash-demo
    - name: source-data
      mountPath: /source/data
    - /source/data
    name: 'keep-last-5'
    keepLast: 5
    prune: true

Let’s create the BackupConfiguration object that we have shown above,

$ kubectl apply -f created

Verify Sidecar:

If everything goes well, Stash will inject a sidecar container into the stash-demo Deployment to take backup of /source/data directory. Let’s check that the sidecar has been injected successfully,

$ kubectl get pod -n demo
NAME                         READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
stash-demo-9bff9fd4f-xvt77   2/2     Running   0          57s

Look at the pod. It now has 2 containers. If you view the resource definition of this pod, you will see that there is a container named stash which is running run-backup command.

Verify CronJob:

It will also create a CronJob with the schedule specified in spec.schedule field of BackupConfiguration crd.

Verify that the CronJob has been created using the following command,

$ kubectl get backupconfiguration -n demo
NAME                TASK   SCHEDULE       PAUSED   AGE
deployment-backup          */40 * * * *            6m41s

Trigger Instant Backup

Now, we are going to trigger an instant backup of the volumes of the Deployment that we have configured in the previous section. To do that, we have to create a BackupSession object pointing to the respective BackupConfiguration object.

Create BackupSession:

Below is the YAML of the BackupSession crd that we are going to create,

kind: BackupSession
  labels: deployment-backup
  name: deployment-backupsession
  namespace: demo
    kind: BackupConfiguration
    name: deployment-backup
  • metadata.labels holds the respective BackupConfiguration name as a label. Stash backup sidecar container use this label to watch only the BackupSessions of that BackupConfiguration. You must provide the label in the following format: <BackupConfiguration name>
  • spec.invoker section indicates the BackupConfiguration object whose target will be backed up instantly for this BackupSession.

Let’s create the BackupSession object that we have have shown above,

$ kubectl apply -f created

If everything goes well, the stash sidecar inside the Deployment will take a backup instantly.

Wait for BackupSession to Succeed:

Run the following command to watch BackupSession phase,

$ watch -n 3 kubectl get backupsession -n demo
Every 3.0s: kubectl get backupsession -n demo                               suaas-appscode: Wed Jul 10 17:18:52 2019

NAME                       INVOKER-TYPE          INVOKER-NAME        PHASE       AGE
deployment-backupsession   BackupConfiguration   deployment-backup   Succeeded   21s

We can see from the above output that the instant backup session has succeeded. Now, we are going to verify that the backed up data has been stored in the backend.

Verify Backup:

Once a backup is complete, Stash will update the respective Repository crd to reflect the backup. Check that the repository gcs-repo has been updated by the following command,

$ kubectl get repository -n demo gcs-repo
gcs-repo   true        24 B   1                116s                     10m

Now, if we navigate to the GCS bucket, we are going to see backed up data has been stored in stash/instant/deployment directory as specified by spec.backend.gcs.prefix field of Repository crd.

  Backup data in GCS Bucket
Fig: Backup data in GCS Bucket

Note: Stash keeps all the backed up data encrypted. So, data in the backend will not make any sense until they are decrypted.


kubectl delete -n demo deployment stash-demo
kubectl delete -n demo backupconfiguration deployment-backup
kubectl delete -n demo backupsession deployment-backupsession
kubectl delete -n demo repository gcs-secret
kubectl delete -n demo secret gcs-secret
kubectl delete -n demo pvc --all